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Caldwell


The Caldwell Catalogue is a catalog of 109 deep sky objects. The list was compiled by Sir Patrick Caldwell-Moore as a complement to the Messier Catalogue.

Unlike objects in the Messier catalogue, which are listed in the order they were discovered, the Caldwell catalogue is ordered by declination, with C1 being the most northerly and C109 being the most southerly, although two objects (NGC 4244 and the Hyades) are listed out of sequence.
A natural progression for the amateur astronomer wishing to observe deep sky objects would be to view the Messier catalogue, followed by the Caldwell catalogue, and then the Herschel 400 Catalogue. At the end of this exercise the observer would have viewed nearly 600 objects. Although there are 618 objects listed in these three catalogues the Herschel 400 Catalogue does contain some objects from the Messier and Caldwell
catalogues.
Object
Cat.
Const
Type
Common Name
RAHrs
RAMins
DecDeg
DecMin
vMag
Size
Images and charts
C1
NGC 188
Cep
Open Cluster
N/A
0
44.4
85
20
8.1
14
Images and charts
C2
NGC 40
Cep
Planetary Nebula
N/A
0
13
72
32
12.4
0.8
Images and charts
C3
NGC 4236
Dra
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
16.7
69
28
9.7
19 x 7
Images and charts
C4
NGC 7023
Cep
Bright Nebula
Refl. nebula
21
1.8
68
12
7.1
18 x 18
Images and charts
C5
IC 342
Cam
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
3
46.8
68
6
9.2
18 x 17
Images and charts
C6
NGC 6543
Dra
Planetary Nebula
Cat's Eye Neb.
17
58.6
66
38
8.1
0.3/5.6
Images and charts
C7
NGC 2403
Cam
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
7
36.9
65
36
8.4
18 x 10
Images and charts
C8
NGC 559
Cas
Open Cluster
N/A
1
29.5
63
18
9.5
4
Images and charts
C9
Sh2 - 155
Cep
Bright Nebula
Cave Nebula
22
56.8
62
37
--
50 x 10
Images and charts
C10
NGC 663
Cas
Open Cluster
N/A
1
46
61
15
7.1
16
Images and charts
C11
NGC 7635
Cas
Bright Nebula
Bubble Nebula
23
20.7
61
12
--
15 x 8
Images and charts
C12
NGC 6946
Cep
Spiral Galaxy
Fireworks Galaxy
20
34.8
60
9
8.9
11 x 10
Images and charts
C13
NGC 457
Cas
Open Cluster
Phi Cas Cluster
1
19.1
58
20
6.4
13
Images and charts
C14
NGC 869/884
Per
Open Cluster
Double Cluster
2
20
57
8
4.3
30 and 30
Images and charts
C15
NGC 6826
Cyg
Planetary Nebula
Blinking Nebula
19
44.8
50
31
8.8
0.5/2.3
Images and charts
C16
NGC 7243
Lac
Open Cluster
N/A
22
15.3
49
53
6.4
21
Images and charts
C17
NGC147
Cas
Elliptical Galaxy
N/A
0
33.2
48
30
9.3
13 x 8
Images and charts
C18
NGC 185
Cas
Elliptical Galaxy
N/A
0
39
48
20
9.2
12 x 10
Images and charts
C19
IC 5146
Cyg
Bright Nebula
Cocoon Nebula
21
53.5
47
16
--
12 x 12
Images and charts
C20
NGC 7000
Cyg
Bright Nebula
N. America Neb.
20
58.8
44
20
--
120 x 100
Images and charts
C21
NGC 4449
CVn
Irregular Galaxy
N/A
12
28.2
44
6
9.4
5 x 4
Images and charts
C22
NGC 7662
And
Planetary Nebula
Blue Snowball Nebula
23
25.9
42
33
8.3
0.3/2.2
Images and charts
C23
NGC 891
And
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
2
22.6
42
21
9.9
14 x 3
Images and charts
C24
NGC 1275
Per
Irregular Galaxy
Perseus A
3
19.8
41
31
11.6
2.6 x 2
Images and charts
C25
NGC 2419
Lyn
Globular Cluster
N/A
7
38.1
38
53
10.4
4.1
Images and charts
C26
NGC 4244
CVn
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
17.5
37
49
10.2
16 x 2.5
Images and charts
C27
NGC 6888
Cyg
Bright Nebula
Crescent Nebula
20
12
38
21
--
20 x 10
Images and charts
C28
NGC 752
And
Open Cluster
N/A
1
57.8
37
41
5.7
50
Images and charts
C29
NGC 5005
CVn
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
13
10.9
37
3
9.8
5.4 x 2
Images and charts
C30
NGC 7331
Peg
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
22
37.1
34
25
9.5
11 x 4
Images and charts
C31
IC 405
Aur
Bright Nebula
Flaming Star
5
16.2
34
16
--
30 x 19
Images and charts
C32
NGC 4631
CVn
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
42.1
32
32
9.3
15 x 3
Images and charts
C33
NGC 6992/5
Cyg
SNR
Eastern Veil
20
56.4
31
43
--
60 x 6
Images and charts
C34
NGC 6960
Cyg
SNR
Western Veil
20
45.7
30
43
--
70 x 6
Images and charts
C35
NGC 4889
Com
Elliptical Galaxy
In Coma Cluster
13
0.1
27
59
11.4
3 x 2
Images and charts
C36
NGC 4559
Com
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
36
27
58
9.8
10 x 5
Images and charts
C37
NGC 6885
Vul
Open Cluster
N/A
20
12
26
29
5.9
7
Images and charts
C38
NGC 4565
Com
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
36.3
25
59
9.6
16 x 3
Images and charts
C39
NGC 2392
Gem
Planetary Nebula
Eskimo Nebula
7
29.2
20
55
9.2
0.2/0.7
Images and charts
C40
NGC 3626
Leo
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
11
20.1
18
21
10.9
3 x 2
Images and charts
C41
--
Tau
Open Cluster
Hyades
4
27
16
0
0.5
330
Images and charts
C42
NGC 7006
Del
Globular Cluster
Very distant
21
1.5
16
11
10.6
2.8
Images and charts
C43
NGC 7814
Peg
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
0
3.3
16
9
10.5
6 x 2
Images and charts
C44
NGC 7479
Peg
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
23
4.9
12
19
11
4 x 3
Images and charts
C45
NGC 5248
Boo
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
13
37.5
8
53
10.2
6 x 4
Images and charts
C46
NGC 2261
Mon
Bright Nebula
Hubble's Var.
6
39.2
8
44
--
2 x 1
Images and charts
C47
NGC 6934
Del
Globular Cluster
N/A
20
34.2
7
24
8.9
6
Images and charts
C48
NGC 2775
Can
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
9
10.3
7
2
10.3
4.5 x 3
Images and charts
C49
NGC 2237-9
Mon
Bright Nebula
Rosette Nebula
6
32.3
5
3
--
80 x 60
Images and charts
C50
NGC 2244
Mon
Open Cluster
N/A
6
32.4
4
52
4.8
24
Images and charts
C51
IC 1613
Cet
Irregular Galaxy
N/A
1
4.8
2
7
9.3
12 x 11
Images and charts
C52
NGC 4697
Vir
Elliptical Galaxy
N/A
12
48.6
-5
48
9.3
6 x 4
Images and charts
C53
NGC 3115
Sex
Elliptical Galaxy
Spindle Galaxy
10
5.2
-7
43
9.1
6 x 3
Images and charts
C54
NGC 2506
Mon
Open Cluster
N/A
8
0.2
-10
47
7.6
7
Images and charts
C55
NGC 7009
Aqr
Planetary Nebula
Saturn Nebula
21
4.2
-11
22
8
0.4/1.6
Images and charts
C56
NGC 246
Cet
Planetary Nebula
N/A
0
47
-11
53
10.9
3.8
Images and charts
C57
NGC 6822
Sgr
Irregular Galaxy
Barnard's Gal.
19
44.9
-14
48
8.8
10 x 9
Images and charts
C58
NGC 2360
CMa
Open Cluster
N/A
7
17.8
-15
37
7.2
13
Images and charts
C59
NGC 3242
Hya
Planetary Nebula
Ghost of Jup'r.
10
24.8
-18
38
7.8
0.3/2.1
Images and charts
C60
NGC 4038
Crv
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
1.9
-18
52
10.7
2.8 x 2
Images and charts
C61
NGC 4039
Crv
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
12
1.9
-18
53
10.7
3 x 2
Images and charts
C62
NGC 247
Cet
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
0
47.1
-20
46
9.1
20 x 7
Images and charts
C63
NGC 7293
Aqr
Planetary Nebula
Helix Nebula
22
29.6
-20
48
7.3
13
Images and charts
C64
NGC 2362
CMa
Open Cluster
Tau CMa Cluster
7
18.8
-24
57
4.1
6
Images and charts
C65
NGC 253
Scl
Spiral Galaxy
Sculptor Galaxy
0
47.6
-25
17
7.1
25 x 7
Images and charts
C66
NGC 5694
Hya
Globular Cluster
N/A
14
39.6
-26
32
10.2
3.6
Images and charts
C67
NGC 1097
For
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
2
46.3
-30
17
9.2
9 x 7
Images and charts
C68
NGC 6729
CrA
Bright Nebula
R CrA Nebula
19
1.9
-36
57
--
1
Images and charts
C69
NGC 6302
Sco
Planetary Nebula
Bug Nebula
17
13.7
-37
6
9.6
0.8
Images and charts
C70
NGC 300
Scl
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
0
54.9
-37
41
8.7
20 x 13
Images and charts
C71
NGC 2477
Pup
Open Cluster
N/A
7
52.3
-38
33
5.8
27
Images and charts
C72
NGC 55
Scl
Spiral Galaxy
In Scl Group
0
14.9
-39
11
7.9
32 x 6
Images and charts
C73
NGC 1851
Col
Globular Cluster
N/A
5
14.1
-40
3
7.3
11
Images and charts
C74
NGC 3132
Vel
Planetary Nebula
N/A
10
7.7
-40
26
9.4
0.8
Images and charts
C75
NGC 6124
Sco
Open Cluster
N/A
16
25.6
-40
40
5.8
29
Images and charts
C76
NGC 6231
Sco
Open Cluster
N/A
16
54
-41
48
2.6
15
Images and charts
C77
NGC 5128
Cen
Elliptical Galaxy
Centaurus A
13
25.5
-43
1
7
18 x 14
Images and charts
C78
NGC 6541
CrA
Globular Cluster
N/A
18
8
-43
42
6.6
13
Images and charts
C79
NGC 3201
Vel
Globular Cluster
N/A
10
17.6
-46
25
6.7
18
Images and charts
C80
NGC 5139
Cen
Globular Cluster
Omega Centauri
13
26.8
-47
29
3.6
36
Images and charts
C81
NGC 6352
Ara
Globular Cluster
N/A
17
25.5
-48
25
8.1
7
Images and charts
C82
NGC 6193
Ara
Open Cluster
N/A
16
41.3
-48
46
5.2
15
Images and charts
C83
NGC 4945
Cen
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
13
5.4
-49
28
8.7
20 x 4
Images and charts
C84
NGC 5286
Cen
Globular Cluster
N/A
13
46.4
-51
22
7.6
9
Images and charts
C85
IC 2391
Vel
Open Cluster
Omicron Vel Cl.
8
40.2
-53
4
2.5
50
Images and charts
C86
NGC 6397
Ara
Globular Cluster
N/A
17
40.7
-53
40
5.6
26
Images and charts
C87
NGC 1261
Hor
Globular Cluster
N/A
3
12.3
-55
13
8.4
7
Images and charts
C88
NGC 5823
Cir
Open Cluster
N/A
15
5.7
-55
36
7.9
10
Images and charts
C89
NGC 6067
Nor
Open Cluster
S Nor Cluster
16
18.9
-57
54
5.4
12
Images and charts
C90
NGC 2867
Car
Planetary Nebula
N/A
9
21.4
-58
19
--
0.2
Images and charts
C91
NGC 3532
Car
Open Cluster
N/A
11
6.4
-58
40
3
55
Images and charts
C92
NGC 3372
Car
Bright Nebula
Eta Car Nebula
10
43.8
-59
52
--
120 x 120
Images and charts
C93
NGC 6752
Pav
Globular Cluster
N/A
19
10.9
-59
59
5.4
20
Images and charts
C94
NGC 4755
Cru
Open Cluster
Jewel Box Cl.
12
53.6
-60
20
4.2
10
Images and charts
C95
NGC 6025
TrA
Open Cluster
N/A
16
3.7
-60
30
5.1
12
Images and charts
C96
NGC 2516
Car
Open Cluster
N/A
7
58.3
-60
52
3.8
30
Images and charts
C97
NGC 3766
Cen
Open Cluster
N/A
11
36.1
-61
37
5.3
12
Images and charts
C98
NGC 4609
Cru
Open Cluster
N/A
12
42.3
-62
58
6.9
5
Images and charts
C99
--
Cru
Dark nebula
Coalsack
12
53
-63
0
--
400 x 300
Images and charts
C100
IC 2944
Cen
Open Cluster
Gamma Cen Cl.
11
36.6
-63
2
4.5
15
Images and charts
C101
NGC 6744
Pav
Spiral Galaxy
N/A
19
9.8
-63
51
8.3
16 x 10
Images and charts
C102
IC 2602
Car
Open Cluster
Theta Car Cl.
10
43.2
-64
24
1.9
50
Images and charts
C103
NGC 2070
Dor
Bright Nebula
Tarantula Neb.
5
38.7
-69
6
--
40 x 25
Images and charts
C104
NGC 362
Tuc
Globular Cluster
N/A
1
3.2
-70
51
6.6
13
Images and charts
C105
NGC 4833
Mus
Globular Cluster
N/A
12
59.6
-70
53
7.3
14
Images and charts
C106
NGC 104
Tuc
Globular Cluster
47 Tucanae
0
24.1
-72
5
4
31
Images and charts
C107
NGC 6101
Aps
Globular Cluster
N/A
16
25.8
-72
12
9.3
11
Images and charts
C108
NGC 4372
Mus
Globular Cluster
N/A
12
25.8
-72
40
7.8
19
Images and charts
C109
NGC 3195
Cha
Planetary Nebula
N/A
10
9.5
-80
52
--
0.6
Images and charts



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